Unlike wild bees, the colonies in our hives don’t hibernate. They gather together inside the hive, forming a cluster of bees, and concentrate their reserves and energy in order to maintain the colony’s temperature.
Protein plays a very important role in bees’ diets. In theory, bees can find all of the protein required for their development in the pollen they collect. A reduction in available protein resources results in decreased egg laying.
Freddy Proni is the North American manager for Veto pharma, an EAS master beekeeper, and also serves several organizations in the apicultural and farming sectors as a volunteer.
Phil Craft, our technical advisor in the U.S.A., is the former Kentucky State Apiarist, and an occasional contributor to Bee Culture magazine.